G-7 summit: Here’s a quick guide to everything you need to know

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A aerial view of The nearby town of St Ives close to The Carbis Bay Estate hotel and beach, which is set to be the main venue for the upcoming G7 summit, is seen from a drone on June 2, 2021 in St Ives, Cornwall.

Matt Cardy | Getty Images News | Getty Images

LONDON — The leaders of the Group of Seven economies are about hold a three-day summit in the U.K. with climate change, the economy, the coronavirus pandemic and geopolitics set to be major talking points.

CNBC has a quick guide to everything you need to know about the summit:

What’s going on?

From Friday to Sunday, the leaders of seven of the world’s most advanced economies will meet in Cornwall, in the southwest of England.

The leaders will discuss shared challenges, from the pandemic and vaccines to climate change and “ensuring that people everywhere can benefit from open trade, technological change and scientific discovery,” according to the U.K. government.

It’s the first in-person G-7 summit in almost two years. Britain wants “leaders to seize the opportunity to build back better from coronavirus, uniting to make the future fairer, greener and more prosperous.”

The Cornish Arms public house decorated with the flags of the G-7 countries near the venue for the upcoming Group of Seven leaders summit.

Bloomberg | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Who will be there?

The big names at the summit are undoubtedly the leaders of the G-7, which is made up of the U.K., Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the U.S. The EU, which sends the presidents of the European Commission and the European Council, also attends.

The summit is seen as one of the few forums where the world’s most influential societies and advanced economies are brought together for close-knit discussions.

This year, Australia, India and South Korea have been invited to attend as guest countries and “to deepen the expertise and experience around the table,” the U.K. government said.

The leaders attending the summit represent over 60% of the people living in democracies around the world, representing over 2.2 billion people and over half of the world’s economy. 

US President Joe Biden (L) and US First Lady Jill Biden disembark from Air Force One on their arrival at Royal Air Force Mildenhall, England on June 9, 2021, ahead of the three-day G-7 Summit.

BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI | AFP | Getty Images

Where is it?

The U.K. is hosting the summit because it holds the rotating presidency of the G-7. This year’s meeting is taking place in the coastal town of Carbis Bay in Cornwall, the most southwestern region in England and a popular vacation destination for Brits.

G-7 leaders will meet at the Carbis Bay Hotel & Estate with security at the location and the surrounding area as tight as you would expect for global leaders. A high-security zone has been put in place around the hotel and the perimeter of Tregenna Castle, where G-7 leaders will be staying, with concrete barriers and armed police on guard.

Whole streets in Carbis Bay and nearby St. Ives have seen security fencing erected and an influx of police, with more than 5,500 officers deployed to Carbis Bay and St. Ives. Search and safety checks, as well as widespread security fencing blocking off entire streets, have led to some disgruntlement among locals who say they’ve been “caged,” local media reports.

The Carbis Bay Estate hotel and beach, which is set to be the main venue for the upcoming G7 summit, is seen from the beach on June 2, 2021 in St Ives, Cornwall.

Matt Cardy | Getty Images News | Getty Images

Despite the beautiful coastline and countryside that will act as the backdrop to the gathering, Cornwall is one of the poorest regions in the U.K. and is heavily reliant on agriculture and seasonal tourism.

Unemployment more than doubled in the region during the pandemic, and the U.K. government has pledged millions of pounds’ worth of long-term investment in the region as part of a G-7 legacy. It’s hoped the high-profile event and increase in future tourism will lead to an economic boost of around £50 million ($70.5 million) for Cornwall.

Police officers patrol on the beach in front of the Carbis Bay Hotel, host venue for the G7 Summit conferences, on June 03, 2021 in Carbis Bay, Cornwall.

Hugh Hastings | Getty Images News | Getty Images

What are the talking points?

The U.K. is hosting the G-7 at a critical time for the world as major economies try to vaccinate their way out of the pandemic and return to addressing other crucial and pressing matters, such as promoting free trade and fighting climate change ahead of the COP26 U.N. Climate Change Conference in November, which the U.K. will also host.

At the 2021 G-7 summit, the U.K. hopes to unite the group under the “build back better” slogan following the end of the Covid-19 pandemic. It wants the G-7 to do this by:

  • Leading the global recovery from coronavirus while strengthening our resilience against future pandemics (the U.K. is also expected to call on fellow G-7 leaders to make concrete commitments to vaccinate the entire world against coronavirus by the end of 2022).
  • Promoting our future prosperity by championing free and fair trade.
  • Tackling climate change and preserving the planet’s biodiversity.
  • Championing our shared values.

Russia and China are widely expected to be talking points at the G-7 summit amid ongoing discontent over Russia’s destabilizing actions (and the prospect of more sanctions on the country) and China’s trade policies.

Both countries are likely to feature in discussions at other summits that closely follow the G-7: There is a meeting of NATO allies in Brussels on Monday, an EU-U.S. summit on Tuesday and then U.S. President Joe Biden will head to Geneva to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin on Wednesday.

U.S. President Joe Biden prepares to address U.S. Air Force personnel and their families stationed at Royal Air Force Mildenhall, Suffolk, England on June 9, 2021, ahead of the three-day G-7 Summit.

Brendan Smialowski | AFP | Getty Images

Will there be any action?

Like other major meetings of world leaders, G-7 summits can often be criticized as nothing more than a talking shop for change that is then never realized.

The absence of powers like China and Russia (which was suspended from the group, and then itself left, after its 2014 annexation of Crimea) has also led to criticism that the group excludes countries it should involve in decision-making on world affairs.

Others who are more generous to the format say it’s an opportunity for discussion and decision on global collective action and cooperation.

U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson defended the format ahead of the summit, commenting that “as the most prominent grouping of democratic countries, the G7 has long been the catalyst for decisive international action to tackle the greatest challenges we face.”

U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson chairs a session of the UN Security Council on climate and security at the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office on February 23, 2021 in London, England. The U.K. holds the security council’s rotating presidency and is the host nation of this year’s COP26 UN climate summit in Glasgow.

Stefan Rousseau – WPA Pool | Getty Images News | Getty Images

“From cancelling developing world debt to our universal condemnation of Russia’s annexation of Crimea, the world has looked to the G7 to apply our shared values and diplomatic might to create a more open and prosperous planet.”

“Coronavirus is doubtless the most destructive force we have seen for generations and the greatest test of the modern world order we have experienced. It is only right that we approach the challenge of building back better by uniting with a spirit of openness to create a better future,” Johnson said.

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